Many students rely on campus counseling centers for the provision of therapy. In the wake of campus closures, colleges and universities are asking whether their counselors may provide telehealth (also known as teletherapy) to students, and in what circumstances.
Two key issues are in play: the ability to provide telehealth services and the ability to provide services in states in which counselors are not licensed. Officials are working to ease requirements around both to ensure patients receive treatment.
What is telehealth?
Telehealth is the use of audio/video platforms or other telecommunications technologies to provide long-distance health care, including therapy. Individual states have their own licensing requirements and specific rules regarding telehealth services. In-state telehealth services are often governed differently than interstate services. For example, in Missouri, a college counselor may provide teletherapy to an in-state student, so long as the counselor continues to follow professional code of ethics guidelines. Colleges and universities should refer to state law and their states’ psychology governing board to determine whether teletherapy is generally allowed.
Practicing across state lines
Whether a counselor is permitted to provide teletherapy across state lines is a trickier question. In some states, out-of-state providers can provide telehealth for a short period of time by statute; in others, an application to a governing body must be made (and in even others, it is generally not permitted).
A new interjurisdictional pact around the practice of psychology across state lines is being implemented in approximately a dozen states, but is not yet operational. The rules governing this pact are in the process of being finalized, and there is no indication as to when it may go into effect.
Two key issues are in play: the ability to provide telehealth services and the ability to provide services in states in which counselors are not licensed.
Impact of emergency declarations on teletherapy
States are moving quickly on these issues. The Federation of State Medical Boards has published a list of states waiving certain licensure requirements (as of March 26). Additionally, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Department of Health and Human Services would issue a regulation permitting medical professionals to practice across state lines. It is unclear whether such regulation would address interstate telehealth.
What this means for you
Absent clear guidance on your institution’s authority to provide teletherapy services in a jurisdiction, campus counseling center leaders should consider whether other resources may be available to a student in their home community, and whether continued counseling is necessary for the student’s health and safety.
If your college or university is providing telehealth, consider:
- requiring students to sign consent forms for the provision of teletherapy that expressly address insurance and privacy issues
- having students check with their insurance providers’ teletherapy coverage
(Note: At least 37 states require insurance companies to cover telehealth services and in-person services equally. Many states require Medicaid and Medicare to cover telehealth, and actions taken by the federal and state governments are expanding coverage.)
- ensuring that your liability insurance permits the provision of teletherapy in these circumstances and determining the scope of such coverage (e.g., does an insurer require treaters to use certain platforms)
Regarding privacy, college counselors must be compliant with the federal law restricting release of medical information, including in the provision of teletherapy. Certain audio/video communication platforms advertise themselves as compliant; others may not comply. Insurance companies may require that telehealth be provided using a certain platform. However, the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office for Civil Rights announced it will not impose penalties for noncompliance for the good-faith provision of telehealth, in light of the national emergency.
State and federal response to the current pandemic is rapidly evolving. Continue to ensure compliance.
Anne D. Cartwright and Mary Deweese are attorneys in Husch Blackwell LLP’s Kansas City office and Chicago office, respectively.