Can France diversify its elite with affirmative action?

June 11, 2019 | The Nation

In France, the Paris Institute for Political Studies—informally known as Sciences Po—has long been known for its snobbery: As one of France’s famed grandes écoles, it counts among its students the last four French presidents (though Nicolas Sarkozy did not graduate) and a large share of the French political and business elite. It’s also a gateway to the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA), the ultra-competitive antechamber of the ruling class.

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